For Further Research...

Useful Links 


Books and Articles

  • Berlin, Ira, and Leslie M. Harris. Slavery in New York. New York, NY: New Press, 2005.
  • Burrows, Edwin G, and Mike Wallace, Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • Cantwell, Anne-Marie E., and Diana diZerega Wall, Unearthing Gotham: Archaeology of New York City. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001.
  • Faucquez, Anne-Claire, “A Bloody Conspiracy: Race, Power, and Religion in New York’s 1712 Slave Insurrection,” in Fear and the Shaping of Early American Societies. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers, 2016.
  • Foote, Thelma Wills, Black and White Manhattan: The History of Racial Formation in Colonial New York City. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • Greenberg, Douglas. Crime and Law Enforcement in the Colony of New York, 1691-1776. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1976.
  • Harris, Leslie M., In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626-1863. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2003.
  • Hodges, Graham Russell, Root and Branch: African Americans in New York and East Jersey, 1613-1863. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
  • Johnson, Mat. "Colony of New York, 1712." Callaloo 32, no. 2 (2009): 408-13. Accessed December 6, 2020.
  • Lepore, Jill. New York Burning : Liberty, Slavery, and Conspiracy in Eighteenth-Century Manhattan 1st ed. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.
  • Mosterman, Andrea C. “Slavery in New Amsterdam.” Museum of the City of New York Life in New Amsterdam Educator Resource Guide. Accessed September 5, 2020.
  • Schlichting, Kurt C., Waterfront Manhattan From Henry Hudson to the High Line. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 2018.
  • Van Buskirk, Judith. "Crossing the Lines: African-Americans in the New York City Region during the British Occupation, 1776-1783." Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies 65 (1998): 74-100. Accessed September 5, 2020.
  • Various, "Slave Laws in British Colonial New York, 1664-1731," SHEC: Resources for Teachers, accessed December 22, 2020,
  • White, Shane, Somewhat More Independent: The End of Slavery in New York City, 1770-1810. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1991.